Dogs eliminate heat by the process of panting because they don’t have sweat glands in the skin. Some of the sweat glands are present in footpads through which a little bit of the heat is dissipated. The temperature of the dog rises when panting is not enough. This can cause serious problems if not cured quickly.
Physical signs of heatstroke:
- The signs of heatstroke are as follows;
- Excessive panting
- Reddened gums
- Loss of consciousness
- Unable to move or uncoordinated movement
Causes of Heat Stroke:
Heatstroke is caused by the hot environment and mostly occurs due to the negligence of pet owners because of inadequate supply of shade and water in hot environments. The older dogs, overweight dogs, or brachycephalic (Bulldogs, Pugs, and any other flat-faced breed) are more affected by the heatstroke.
Dogs with short noses, thick fur, or suffering from any disease condition such as obesity and laryngeal paralysis are more prone to heatstroke. Working dogs such as shepherds, Labradors, and Retrievers should also be monitored for the signs of heatstroke.
Provide the dog with a cold environment. Do not give any medication to lower the temperature of the dog this may cause serious problems. During unconsciousness, follow the given steps by ensuring that no water enters the mouth and nose.
- Dip your dog in a hose or bathtub and ensure that the bathtub or hose doesn’t have hot water.
- Open a cold water tap and put the fresh water on the neck and back.
- Keep the head of the dog elevated to avoid aspiration pneumonia.
- Call the nearest emergency pet clinic they will guide you for further care.
- Offer the dog to drink water don’t force the dog to drink water.
Fluid should be administered to replace the lost fluid and minerals. All the treatment should be done as prescribed by an authentic veterinarian. The following treatment recommended for heatstroke:
Fluid therapy and further monitoring of the dog for secondary complications neurological signs, kidney failure, fluctuation in blood pressure, and abnormalities in electrolytes.
Prevention of Heatstroke:
Heatstroke in dogs can be prevented in dogs by providing a favorable environment and avoiding a hot and humid environment.